Submitting to Canvas

Do you have a Bridge to the Blog or Applied Theory Post that was completed and posted on the blog but never submitted to Canvas?

It won’t get credit! 

My FINAL date for accepting the submission of Bridges and ATPs to Canvas is Friday, April 15, at midnight.  After that they will revert to 0.


Theoretical Analysis of The Princess and The Frog

Alright, first, let’s be honest with ourselves: y’all knew someone was going to do an analysis of this movie for this theory. Maybe you didn’t think that when you first say the syllabus, but eventually the thought did cross your mind. The Princess and The Frog is a pretty cute movie focusing on the struggle of one woman to achieve her dream of owning a restaurant during the 20s. I will be pointing out every time Tiana’s socioeconomic differences are pointed out and then end it by showing that Tiana got her way anyway
This movies main points to severe racial differences start in the beginning with Tiana’s ride home with her mother. As the neighborhoods pass they become less and less grand. Their final stop is Tiana’s neighborhood, which is more or less a very clean ghetto.

The severe socioeconomic differences between Tiana and her friend Lottie are made perfectly clear in those few minutes. Lottie is an upper class citizen, Tiana is not. Their homes do all the speaking for them. Let’s also talk about how Tiana has two grueling jobs, a full day shift for one and a full night shift for the other. The fact that she even needs two jobs reveals haw little she gets paid and how unwilling people are to hire her
[insert photo]
Now we come to the biggest one, she’s bought that abandoned sugar mill, shes celebrating/working at her friend’s party when the Fenner Brothers show up, eat all of her merchandise and tell her she’s been outbid


Upon hearing her plight they simply respond that a woman of her “background” wouldn’t be able to handle something like that anyway. Could you get any more micro-aggressive? Her class (and the fact that she’s female, but this isn’t feminist theory) is holding her back, their eyes are clouded by racism and greed. Also does the fact that no one has bought that mill in ages and just after she puts in her bid the money prices get raised not raise any eyebrows? the Fenners are sharks and suck. A lot.

They suck, but dreams do come true in New Orleans so boo them.


Andrew Arenas’ Theoretical Analysis of Cool Runnings


The latest theory that we went over in class today was African American Criticism. Within this theory there are distinctive branch groups by categorizing them in terms of three branches: Materialist/Ideology, Literary and Critical Race Theory. A film that I was looking forward to analyzing ever since I got this particular theory assigned is the Disney movie Cool Runnings. It explores themes of perseverance against great odds, cheating, second chances, and developing self-esteem. Watching this movie as a young child, it was a great introduction to what Jamaica is and the Olympics as a whole. Released in the early 90’s Disney, along with other film companies have always been criticized for releasing films with little to no minority stars in them. Times have changed since then with actors from many different racial and cultural backgrounds headlining animated and live action movies like Princess and The Frog and Star Wars: The Force Awakens.

Cool Runnings is a film based on the inspiring story of the bobsled team sent by Jamaica to the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada. The members of the bobsled team are role models for individuals determined to succeed. The coach (who is white) is a role model for someone who has cheated, but having acknowledged his mistake, seeks a second chance.

It is important to have a little bit of context of what the country of Jamaica is before going into this movie. Jamaica is an island in the Caribbean which was a British colony until 1962. The Jamaican people are descendants of slaves brought from Africa to work on plantations. They speak English because the plantation managers would not let the slaves keep the languages they brought from Africa and required them to speak only English.

After the Second World War had ended, Germany was divided into two countries, communist East Germany and democratic/capitalist West Germany. For the purposes of propaganda, the East German government invested heavily in its own sports teams. The team that ridiculed the Jamaicans was from East Germany. Germany was reunited into one country in 1991 when the Cold War between the U.S. and Russia ended. Switzerland is a very small mountainous country in the center of Europe. Like the Germans, the Swiss have a reputation for being very good engineers. Most of Switzerland is in the Alps and the Swiss have excelled at winter sports.

The country of Switzerland is a very small mountainous country in the center of Europe. Similar to the Germans, the Swiss have a reputation for being very good engineers. Most of Switzerland is in the Alps and the Swiss have also excelled at winter sports.

What really made the films messages resonate is that they can apply to anyone regardless of race or ethnic background. The theme of fairness is playing by the rules; Take turns and share; being open-minded; listen to others; Don’t take advantage of others; Don’t blame others carelessly just by the color of their skin. Lastly the theme of trustworthiness is always being honest. Don’t deceive, cheat or steal; be reliable and do what you say you’ll do.

Bao’s African American Analysis of “Where is The Love?”

In the environment I grew up in, R’n’B music were considered as the go to music and I easily learned to listen to them on a daily basis. Black Eyed Peas were by far one of the few bands I easily took a liking of. English not being my native language, looking back at their older songs gave me a much better understanding of the underlying meaning of the songs these artists were trying to convey. Sure, the beat and each notes produced created an amazing single but while listening to “Where is The Love?” by BEP, my mind opened up to the social issues our world is facing from the loss of sense of humanity within our society to the disasters created by racism and inequality.

BEP is a Hip Hop and R’n’B group consisting of three singers, Fergie,, Taboo, and As a kid, it has always struck out to me how Fergie was the only “white” singer of the group while the rest of the boys all had a darker skin color. While this is an innocent observation made by a child, today I would not pay too much attention to it as we as a society became a bit more adapted to diversity.

People killin’, people dyin’
Children hurt and you hear them cryin’
Can you practice what you preach?

In the first two lines, the singers addresses the wrongdoings of people then the controversy of what people say and what they actually do. People talk about racism. Everyone is aware of its manifestation and development. Anyone who does not is either in pure denial or solely blind. But do we act upon it? Bringing awareness is a start. In essence, “Where is The Love” is an earlier form of protest made by the group.

Yo’, whatever happened to the values of humanity
Whatever happened to the fairness and equality

In these two lines, addresses the evident issues of inequality that our society ignores. To keep in mind that this song came out in 2009, it’s still baffling that the majority of the events in the lyrics are only developing by the minute. The activist movement “Black Lives Matter” was originated by the African American community which campaigns against violence towards black people. As many people tend to disagree with the saying because “All Lives Matter”, that is not entirely wrong but its main purpose is to alert people of the discrimination black people are facing financially, educationally, socially and in many other factors. More than a 100 black people were killed by police officer in the year 2015 where 1 out of 3 of them were identified unarmed. That is nearly twice each week. Not only were those people brutally killed but more often than not, they were not given proper justice as the police officers were able to get away from facing penalties and time in jail.

Wrong information always shown by the media
Negative images is the main criteria

Instead of spreading love we’re spreading animosity
Lack of understanding, leading us away from unity

In other words: “The media brainwashes the public which leads to misunderstanding resulting in conflicts and inequality.”

While watching the music video of this powerful song, two things that I notice were the abundance of minorities in it and the anger and fear seen in the people’s eyes as they appear. The majority of minorities in this music video can pose a question, especially in the year it was released. Whites in the media is very common and is considered as the norm. Even a character that belongs to a minorities group is usually played by a white actor in a movie. The purpose of this song was simply to open up the eyes of the people of the unnecessary hatred being spread and the wrongs done by mankind for something as small as degrading another based on their skin tone.  In 2:13 – 2:33 of the music video, they show a series of individuals from the minorities group singing along to the song and shortly after, a man holding a book with the question mark (symbolizing “Where is The Love?” throughout the song) and yelling to a God above for saving as the lyrics playing are as follows:

Father, Father, Father, help us
Send some guidance from above
‘Cause people got me, got me questionin’
Where is the love?

And it is alarming to think that as we move forward in the years, we slowly begin questioning “Where is The Love?”


Ruhl’s Literacy Techniques

Something that I really liked in the Passion Play was the use of foreshadowing by Sarah Ruhl. I found this more in the first act of the play when writing my essay and it really helped build my understanding of the specific time period in Northern England.

In the era of this play, Queen Elizabeth was just short of outlawing the Passion Play because she was trying to form a Protestant faith, rather than the previously dominant Catholic one that existed. The outlawing of the Passion Play was not out right mentioned by Ruhl in her writings, but she did allude to the possibility of it as much so as she used foreshadowing to keep the idea there without blatantly stating it.

Ruhl’s acknowledgment of the intended overthrow of the Catholic religion, specifically its forced decline from prominence to being overshadowed by Protestantism is found here: “The Virgin Queen is on her throne, the Catholics are mostly done” (Ruhl 15) Similarly, the “Village Idiot” has a dream about the queen that casts a shadow of irony across the text: “So the Queen, she looks at me, with a real cold glimmer in her eyes like jewels, and she says, ‘I have come to stop the passion’” (Ruhl 34).

These are my two favorite lines because I feel like here the “Village Idiot” serves as much more than that as her dream foreshadows the future of the Queen putting ends to the play. I just thought this was interesting because authors use literacy techniques everyday to add to their writing and to make the story more interesting to the readers eye. Though in this case, not only does Ruhl use these techniques to draw readers in, but to relate her play to historical context through her characters discourse.

Reagan & the Homeless

I wanted to write a post about this, but never got around to it.

When we were reading the Passion Play, as a class we talked about the strong correlation between religion and politics over time and the ways that faith shifts because of it. Something we mentioned in class is the shift to psychoanalysis and from faith to science in the third act with political leader, Ronald Reagan. We mentioned the fact that Reagan closed down the mental institutions and that interested me further than just the little side note we mentioned in class about it. Whether thats because I am a sociology major and work with the homeless population on a daily basis or just the correlation I saw with him and another political leader.

When trying to decide what to write for my essay, I re-read the entire book and tried to analyze any little thing to see what actually really did strike me as interesting. Obviously, what Adolf Hitler did was terrible and killed multitudes of people, but in a sense, so did Ronald Reagan. He put people out on the street because of the tabu and serotypes placed on people with mental health conditions forgetting the fact that these people are real people too. By closing these mental institutions, he may have not intentionally killed and hurt thousands of people, but he put many in vulnerable positions. Someone who is homeless with mental health conditions is far more likely to end up in hospitals and jails, or even dead because of the lack of care they can get compared to the amount of care they actually do need to sustain a normal life. Reagan discriminated a group of people, as did Adolf Hitler, whether it be based off of a health condition or religion.

The point I was trying to make was when analyzing all three leaders and the struggle for power they had, they all had one thing in common. They wanted to change people. Queen Elizabeth wanted people to change religions, Adolf Hitler didn’t want Jewish faith to exist and Ronald Reagan didn’t want mental institutions to exist because of the stereotype associated with them. All three leaders wanted to change something about someone, they didn’t let people be themselves.

This kind of raised a question for me, did Ruhl deliberately pick these three leaders because of their inhuman acts as political leaders? Or was it just short of a coincidence that all of them had this sort of cult of personality?


Mentally ill, people of catholic faith and people of Jewish faith are all people too..whether these leaders accepted that notion or not.